Exploring the Different Types of Criminal Charges in Buffalo

New York State has an extensive legal system that includes a wide range of criminal charges. The criminal justice system in New York can be complex, with different types of criminal charges carrying different consequences. In this blog post, we will explore the different types of criminal charges in New York and the penalties that come with them.

Felony ChargesExploring the Different Types of Criminal Charges in New York

Felony charges are the most serious type of criminal charges in New York. A felony charge can result in a prison sentence of more than one year and/or fines. There are five classes of felony charges in New York, ranging from class A to class E. Class A is the most serious, and class E is the least serious.

Examples of crimes that can result in felony charges include murder, rape, kidnapping, drug trafficking, and certain white-collar crimes. A conviction for a felony charge can have lifelong consequences, including the loss of voting rights, the inability to own firearms, and difficulty finding employment.

Misdemeanor Charges

Misdemeanor charges are less serious than felony charges, but they can still result in jail time and fines. Misdemeanor charges are divided into three classes: A, B, and unclassified. Class A misdemeanors are the most serious, and unclassified misdemeanors are the least serious.

Examples of crimes that can result in misdemeanor charges include assault, driving under the influence (DUI), petty theft, and certain drug offenses. Misdemeanor convictions can also result in consequences such as community service, probation, and the loss of certain privileges.


Violations are the least serious type of criminal charge in New York. They are often referred to as “petty offenses” and carry the lowest penalties. Violations do not result in jail time, but they can result in fines and community service.

Examples of violations include traffic violations, disorderly conduct, and minor drug offenses. Although violations are not as serious as other criminal charges, they can still result in legal consequences and should be taken seriously.

Juvenile Delinquency Charges

Juvenile delinquency charges are filed against minors who have committed criminal offenses. In New York, a person is considered a juvenile if they are under the age of 18. Juvenile delinquency charges can range from minor offenses such as truancy to more serious crimes such as assault or robbery.

The goal of the juvenile justice system is to rehabilitate young offenders rather than punish them. Juvenile offenders may be subject to counseling, community service, or probation. In some cases, they may be placed in juvenile detention centers. The severity of the punishment depends on the nature of the offense and the offender’s history.

White-Collar Crime Charges

White-collar crime refers to nonviolent crimes committed by professionals or businesspeople. These crimes are often financially motivated and can include fraud, embezzlement, and insider trading. White-collar crimes can result in both criminal charges and civil lawsuits.

Penalties for white-collar crimes can include fines, restitution, and imprisonment. In addition, individuals convicted of white-collar crimes may also face civil lawsuits seeking damages.

Drug Offenses

Drug offenses are criminal charges related to the possession, sale, or distribution of controlled substances. New York has strict drug laws, and penalties for drug offenses can be severe. Penalties for drug offenses can include fines, imprisonment, and probation.

In addition, New York also has a drug court system that focuses on rehabilitation rather than punishment. The goal of drug court is to help offenders overcome their addiction and avoid future criminal behavior.

Different types of criminal charges in New York carry different penalties and consequences. It’s important to understand the charges against you and seek legal assistance from an experienced attorney who can help you navigate the legal system. An attorney can help you understand your rights, develop a defense strategy, and negotiate with prosecutors to obtain the best possible outcome in your case.

If you are facing criminal charges in New York, it’s essential to have an experienced and knowledgeable attorney on your side. Friedman & Ranzenhofer PC is a law firm that specializes in criminal defense and can help you navigate the complex legal system in New York. Our team of attorneys has extensive experience handling criminal cases, including felony charges, misdemeanor charges, and violations. We will work with you to develop a defense strategy tailored to your specific case and represent you throughout the legal process, from negotiations with prosecutors to trial.

At Friedman & Ranzenhofer PC, we understand the impact that criminal charges can have on your life, and we are committed to protecting your rights and interests. We will work tirelessly to ensure that you receive a fair trial and achieve the best possible outcome in your case. In addition to criminal defense, we also provide representation in other legal areas, including personal injury, family law, and estate planning. We take pride in serving our clients with professionalism, integrity, and dedication.

If you are facing criminal charges in New York, contact Friedman & Ranzenhofer PC today to schedule a consultation with one of our experienced attorneys. We will work with you to understand your situation and provide you with the legal assistance you need to protect your rights and achieve the best possible outcome in your case.